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Economic and social transformation of rural areas and agriculture, the interaction of town and country

Economic and social transformation of rural areas and agriculture, the interaction of town and country

Transformation of agriculture in the 1990-2000-ies and its role in rural development
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The following subjects are considered here: stratification of modern agriculture, significance and perspectives of large and medium-sized enterprises (successors of collective agricultural enterprises (kolkhoz) and state agricultural enterprises (sovkhoz)), of agro-industrial holdings, of individual farmers and personal subsidiary plots, their interaction in various areas, the transformation of land relations and their territorial differences, spatial organization and regionalization of agriculture, food security of Russia.
Fig. Maps T.G.Nefedova. (left to right): 1 - The density of rural population, persons per sq km in 2002, 2 - Leading and average regions in terms of agriculture production, 3 - "Black Holes" and weak territories of the countryside
Fig. Maps T.G.Nefedova. (left to right): 1 - The density of rural population, persons per sq km in 2002, 2 - Leading and average regions in terms of agriculture production, 3 - "Black Holes" and weak territories of the countryside
Books

T.G.Nefedova
. Rural Russia at the Crossroads (geographical essays). Moscow: New Publishing House (Novoe izdatel'stvo), 2003, 516.

T.Nefedova, J.Pallot. Unknown agriculture, or Why you need a cow? Moscow: New Publishing House (Novoe izdatel'stvo), 2006, 315 p.

J.Pallot and T.G.Nefedova. Russia's Unknown Agriculture. Household Production in Post-Socialist Rural Russia. Oxford University Press, 2007, 220 pp.

Articles

T.G.Nefedova
. L'évolution de l'agriculture au XXe siècle . La Russie, D. Eckert (éd.), Paris, Hachette, coll. Recueils pour les concours, pp. 93-116, 2007 (in French)

Néfedova T. La Russie rurale: transition difficile, structures multiples, contrastes territoriaux. "La Russie: espaces, villes, réseau": Paris: Editions du Temps, 2007, pp. 215-238 (in French)

T.G.Nefedova. The problems of food security and agricultural modernization of Russia. Geography of world development (Geografiya mirovogo razvitiya). Issue 2, Moscow: Institute of Geography, KMK Scientific Press (Nauchnoe izdatelstvo KMK), 2010, pp.423-442
Spatial polarization of agriculture and rural territories

Acreage and number of cattle continued to decline (graph) not only during the transformational crisis, but also when it ended for agriculture in 1999. Changes of 1990-2000-ies made skeletal structure of agriculture more expressed. The following changes have occurred: 1) strengthening of territorial division of labor between North and South, and localization of agriculture in areas with more favorable agro-climatic conditions, 2) strengthening the role of suburbs in agricultural production, especially in Nechernozemye (non-black soil regions) and in eastern regions, 3) the growing influence of ethnic differences on structure and production of agriculture. The most important of the trends is concentration and polarization of agriculture in rural areas, with significance of leaders (companies and entire regions) increasing, and outsiders' conditions aggravating. Basic spatial framework is forming, consisting of the most promising areas with the most diversified enterprises, and with areas of monocultures (see the map). These theses contradict classical concept of agricultural zoning, since environmental conditions are not considered as the sole factor of productivity. Moreover, they considered far from being major factors for Nechernozemye and Eastern regions of the country.
Fig. T.G.Nefedova. Gross agricultural output, crop area and the number of cattle in 1991-2008, % of 1990.
Fig. T.G.Nefedova. Gross agricultural output, crop area and the number of cattle in 1991-2008, % of 1990.
Books

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. Zaslavski I. The End of Peasantry? The Disintegration of Rural Russia. Unuversity of Pittsburg Press, 2006. 255 pp. (in English)

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. Environs of Russian Cities. Lewiston, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2000. 236. (in English)

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. Continuity & Change in Rural Russia: A Geographical Perspective. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1997. 315. (in English)

Articles

T.G.Nefedova
. Contemporary Russian village: a socio-economic problems. Proceedings of the Free Economic Society of Russia (Nauchnye trudy Vol'nogo ekonomicheskogo obshestva Rossii), Moscow, 2009, t.106, pp.215-226

T.G.Nefedova. Russian agriculture: spatial organization and the major trends. Society and Economy. Institute of Economics, RAS. Moscow: 2008. 2. pp. 120-143.

T.G.Nefedova. Types of modern agriculture in Russia, their mapping and problem management. Environmental Planning and Management (Ekologicheskoe planirovanie i upravlenie). Moscow: Institute of Geography, 2007. 4 (5). pp. 49-62.

.G.Nefedova. Spatial evolution of agriculture in the twentieth century. environmental management and sustainable development. Foreign experience and problems of Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press (Nauchnoe izdatelstvo KMK), 2006, Vol.3, pp. 230-250.

T.G.Nefedova. Cities as the organizers of the countryside. Science in Russia. Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences, 2006. 4. pp. 29-35.

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. Fragmentation of rural space in Russia. Bulletin of Eurasia (Vestnik Evrazii). M. 2004. 4. pp. 69-93.

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. From spatial continuity to fragmentation: the case of Russian farming. Annals of Association of American Geography, 2004, Vol.94, No 4, pp.913-943 (in English)

G.V.Ioffe, T.G.Nefedova. Spatial Contrasts and the Potential for Agricultural Revival. Rural Reform in Post-Soviet Russia. Ed. By D.J.O 'Brien and S. K. Wegren. Wood Wilson Center Press, Washington, 2002. pp.68-88 (in English)

See also Nefedova, Nikulin. Rural Russia: the spatial contraction, and social polarization. Public Lecture on Polit.ru, May 2010 (http:.www.polit.ru.lectures.2010.08.05.countryside.html)

Social factors and the role of cities in rural development and agriculture.
Returning to the tradition of studying the society within economic research.


Agricultural researches are often carried out without taking into account the state of the social environment and its changes, while demo-socio-geographical research is carried out without taking into account the agricultural or even any economic components. Research activities of sociologists and economists are far from geography. Social geography of rural areas and agriculture is area of synthesis of various sciences. It considers a wide range of problems trying to combine methods and results of other sciences and provide integral geographical vision of the countryside. The main themes developed in the framework of this direction are the following: 1 - the geography of agricultural occupations and of the rural way of life; 2 - stratification of rural economy, geography of the production patterns, social consequences of new relations in the countryside, economic self-organization of enterprises and households, 3 - interdependencies between economic parameters of agriculture, from the one side, and dynamics of population, settlement patterns, from the other; the impact of geographical differences in quality of human potential on agricultural productivity; 4 - the role of cities as the organizers of the rural space and the economy, suburban-peripheral gradients of agricultural activity, of countryside conditions, their ranges for different natural zones, 5 - geography of citizens' participation in the agriculture production and in the preservation of the villages, 6 - influence of ethnic factors on the nature and results of agricultural activities.

See details

T.G.Nefedova. Social Geography of Agriculture. Regional studies (Regional'nye issledovaniya), Smolensk Humanitarian University, 4, 2006, pp.3-22

T.G.Nefedova. Social constraints of the agricultural sector in Russia. SPERO. Social Policy: Expertise, Recommendations, Reviews, M. INDEC, 2008, 9, pp. 37-53. http:.spero.socpol.ru

T.G.Nefedova. Intellectual and other contributions of summer-residents to the transformation of rural areas. Ways of Russia. Contemporary intellectual space (Puti Rossii. Sovremennoe intellektual'noe prostranstvo), Moscow: Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences (Moskovskaya vysshaja shkola social'nyh ekonomicheskih nauk), 2009, pp. 452-466